England’s Model Villages

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, villages were constructed by English industrialists and landowners to provide housing close to factories or estates for the workers and their families. One of the most well known is Saltaire in West Yorkshire, which was built in the early 1850s and named after mill owner Sir Titus Salt and the river Aire which flows through the area. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001. Most of those who built model villages are credited with being philanthropists who were genuinely concerned for the welfare of their workers, moving them…

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