St Petersburg UNESCO World Heritage Site – Part Two: Forts and Fortresses

Continuing our exploration of one of the world’s largest UNESCO World Heritage Sites, we’ll visit some of the structures built to defend the Russian city of St Petersburg over the past few centuries, beginning with the area of the Baltic Sea around Kotlin Island, about 30km (20 miles) west of the city. After Peter the great seized Kotlin island from Sweden early in the 18th century, he realised that it was a vital strategic location to protect his fledgling city from sea attack. He quickly began construction of the fortified town of Kronstadt, which now occupies the entire…

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